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Archive for June, 2009

Mi Ultimo Adios .. by Dr.Jose Rizal

                                  File:Jose rizal 01.jpg
                                                               MI ULTIMO ADIOS
Adios, Patria adorada, region del sol querida,
Perla del Mar de Oriente, nuestro perdido Eden!
A darte voy alegre la triste mustia vida,
Y fuera más brillante más fresca, más florida,
Tambien por tí la diera, la diera por tu bien.
En campos de batalla, luchando con delirio
Otros te dan sus vidas sin dudas, sin pesar;
El sitio nada importa, ciprés, laurel ó lirio,
Cadalso ó campo abierto, combate ó cruel martirio,
Lo mismo es si lo piden la patria y el hogar.
Yo muero cuando veo que el cielo se colora
Y al fin anuncia el día trás lóbrego capuz;
Si grana necesitas para teñir tu aurora,
Vierte la sangre mía, derrámala en buen hora
Y dórela un reflejo de su naciente luz.
Mis sueños cuando apenas muchacho adolescente,
Mis sueños cuando joven ya lleno de vigor,
Fueron el verte un día, joya del mar de oriente
Secos los negros ojos, alta la tersa frente,
Sin ceño, sin arrugas, sin manchas de rubor.
Ensueño de mi vida, mi ardiente vivo anhelo,
Salud te grita el alma que pronto va á partir!
Salud! ah que es hermoso caer por darte vuelo,
Morir por darte vida, morir bajo tu cielo,
Y en tu encantada tierra la eternidad dormir.
Si sobre mi sepulcro vieres brotar un dia
Entre la espesa yerba sencilla, humilde flor,
Acércala a tus labios y besa al alma mía,
Y sienta yo en mi frente bajo la tumba fría
De tu ternura el soplo, de tu hálito el calor.
Deja á la luna verme con luz tranquila y suave;
Deja que el alba envíe su resplandor fugaz,
Deja gemir al viento con su murmullo grave,
Y si desciende y posa sobre mi cruz un ave
Deja que el ave entone su cantico de paz.
Deja que el sol ardiendo las lluvias evapore
Y al cielo tornen puras con mi clamor en pos,
Deja que un sér amigo mi fin temprano llore
Y en las serenas tardes cuando por mi alguien ore
Ora tambien, Oh Patria, por mi descanso á Dios!
Ora por todos cuantos murieron sin ventura,
Por cuantos padecieron tormentos sin igual,
Por nuestras pobres madres que gimen su amargura;
Por huérfanos y viudas, por presos en tortura
Y ora por tí que veas tu redencion final.
Y cuando en noche oscura se envuelva el cementerio
Y solos sólo muertos queden velando allí,
No turbes su reposo, no turbes el misterio
Tal vez acordes oigas de citara ó salterio,
Soy yo, querida Patria, yo que te canto á ti.
Y cuando ya mi tumba de todos olvidada
Deja que la are el hombre, la esparza con la azada,
Y mis cenizas antes que vuelvan á la nada,
El polvo de tu alfombra que vayan á formar.
Entonces nada importa me pongas en olvido,
Tu atmósfera, tu espacio, tus valles cruzaré,
Vibrante y limpia nota seré para tu oido,
Aroma, luz, colores, rumor, canto, gemido
Constante repitiendo la esencia de mi fé.
Mi Patria idolatrada, dolor de mis dolores,
Querida Filipinas, oye el postrer adios.
Ahi te dejo todo, mis padres, mis amores.
Voy donde no hay esclavos, verdugos ni opresores,
Donde la fé no mata, donde el que reyna es Dios.
Adios, padres y hermanos, trozos del alma mía,
Amigos de la infancia en el perdido hogar,
Dad gracias que descanso del fatigoso día;
Adios, dulce extrangera, mi amiga, mi alegria,
Adios, queridos séres morir es descansar.JOSE RIZAL  1896

José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda

A photo of José Rizal, National hero of the Philippines.
Date of birth: June 19, 1861.
Place of birth: Calamba, Laguna, Philippines
Date of death: December 30, 1896 (aged 35)
Place of death: Bagumbayan (now Rizal Park), Manila, Philippines
Major organizations: La Solidaridad, La Liga Filipina
Major monuments: Rizal Park

Transcriber’s Note: Dr. José Rizal wrote this last poem before he was
executed on December 30,1896 in Bagumbayan. Although the poem was
originally untitled, we have opted to use the more popular reference
for this poem in this edition.

Nota del transcriptor: El Dr. José Rizal escribió este último poema
antes de ser ejecutado el 30 de diciembre de 1896 en Bagumbayan.
Aunque el poema carecía de título en el original, hemos optado por
usar, en esta edición, el título con el que generalmente se le hace
referencia.

Mi Ultimo Adios”  (Spanish for ” My Last Farewell ) is a poem written by Philippine national hero Jose Rizal on the eve of his execution on December 30
1896. Although the poem was untitled, this title served as an artifice
useful as a quick reference. This poem was one of the last notes he
wrote before his execution. Another that he had written before his
death was found in his shoe but because the text could not be read it
remains a mystery.

Title

Rizal did not inscribe a title to his poem. Mariano Ponce, Rizal’s friend and fellow reformist, titled it Mi Último Pensamiento in the copies he distributed, but this did not catch on. Here is a copy of news story taken from The Inquirer dated December 30, 2002:

On the afternoon of Dec. 29, 1896, a day before his execution,
Dr. Jose Rizal was visited by his mother, Teodora Alonzo, sisters
Lucia, Josefa, Trinidad, Maria and Narcisa, and two nephews. When they
took their leave, Rizal told Trinidad in English that there was
something in the small alcohol stove (cocinilla), not alcohol lamp
(lamparilla). The stove was given to Narcisa by the guard when the
party was about to board their carriage in the courtyard. At home, the
Rizal ladies recovered from the stove a folded paper. On it was written
an unsigned, untitled and undated poem of 14 five-line stanzas. The
Rizals reproduced copies of the poem and sent them to Rizal’s friends
in the country and abroad. In 1897, Mariano Ponce in Hong Kong had the
poem printed with the title “Mi Ultimo Pensamiento.” Fr. Mariano
Dacanay, who received a copy of the poem while a prisoner in
Bilibid(jail), published it in the first issue of La Independencia on
Sept. 25, 1898 with the title “Ultimo Adios.”
N.B. The stove was

not delivered until after the execution. Rizal needed it to light the
room and to be able to write the poem and his other parting words.
VGPas 10/21/08.

Thus did Rizal’s untitled, undated and unsigned last poem became
popularly known as “Ultimo Adios,” or “Mi Ultimo Adios.” The poem has
become internationally renowned.

Translations

There are at least 35 English translations known and published (in
print) of this poem as of December 2005. The most popular is that of
American Charles Derbyshire (dated 1911) and is inscribed on bronze.
Also on bronze at the Rizal Park in Manila but less known is the
translation by Filipino National Artist, novelist and journalist Nick
Joaquin (1944). The latest translation is in Czech made by a Czech
diplomat and addressed at the session of the senate.

IT COULD THE MOST TRANSLATED PATRIOTIC SWAN SONG IN THE WORLD.
Aside from the 35English versions and interpretations into 46Filipino
languages, this poem has been translated into at least 38 other
languages: Indonesian, Bengali, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Czech,
Danish, Dutch, Fijian, French, German, Greek, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Hindi,
Hungarian, Igbo (Nigeria), Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Korean, Latin,
Maori, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sanskrit, Sinhalese
(Sri Lanka), Somali, Tahitian, Thai, Tongan, Turkish, Urdu (Pakistan),
Vietnamese, Wolof (Senegal), and Yoruba (Nigeria).


The Project Gutenberg EBook of  Mi Ultimo Adiós, by Jose Rizal

Produced by Tamiko I. Camacho, Pilar Somoza, and the Online
Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net.
Special thanks to Filipinas Heritage Library for providing
the material for this project. Handog ng Proyektong
Gutenberg ng Pilipinas para sa pagpapahalaga ng panitikang
Pilipino. (http://www.gutenberg.ph)


Love Is My Sheperd



         LOVE IS MY SHEPERD

When love is my Sheperd,
He leads me down.
To where the troubled water
Sprung up to the ground.

I found the answer
Now it seems so clear
When I saw your face
I can’t help but trace
That love is my sheperd
When you are there.

I’ve  lived with the darkness
I’ve been thru the mill,
I craved the attention
Then choked on the thrill

I found the answer
I saw it in your eyes
So sweet the surprise,
Now I can see
That love is my sheperd
Now ,you’re here with me

Today new horizons
Are filled with a joy
Towards them I travel
With hope to employ
And I’ve been seduced
By failure and pride
But love is the answer inside.

My failure looks faithful
My prayers have been heard
And love is the reason
I carry the word.

The word is excitement
The feeling is great
I carry that weight
Now I’m set free
Love is my sheperd
Now you’re here with me
Love is my sheperd
Now  you’re here with me

written, arrange and performed by:
wet wet wet
lyrics….Chris Difford      

  connie





Chocolate Hills

      Chocolate Hills

            A Natural Geographical Monument

File:Choco Hills.JPG

                                                       TheChocolate Hills                       

The Chocolate Hills is an unusual geological
formation in Bohol, Philippines.According to
the latest accurate survey done there are 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square
kilometres (20 sq mi). They are covered in green grass thatturns brown during the dry season, hence the nameChocolate Hills.  The Chocolate Hills are a famous tourist attraction of Bohol. It is featured in the provincial flag and seal to symbolize the abundance of natural attraction in the province It is in the Philippine Tourism Authority’s list of tourist destinations in the Philippines it has been declared the country’s 3rd National Geological Monument and proposed for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage

Locator map of the Chocolate Hills. Dark brown indicates the greatest
concentration of the Chocolate Hills in the Bohol municipalities of Sagbayan, Batuan, and Carmen. Light brown indicates a lesser concentration of the hills in Bilar, Sierra Bullones, and Valencia.


 TheChocolateHills

The Chocolate Hills are Bohol‘s famous attraction Photographer Salvador Andre notes:

Most people who first see pictures of this landscape can hardly
believe that these hills are not a man-made artifact. However, this
idea is quickly abandoned, as the effort would surely surpass the
construction of the pyramids in Egypt.

Further:

There is no natural formation like them in the world.From a distance, they look like half a ball grown out of the ground.The molehill-shaped and almost uniformly sized hills dot the landscape with green and brown.

The Chocolate Hills is a rolling terrain of haycock
hills – mounds of general shape which are conical and almost
symmetrical.Estimated to be at least 1,268 individual mounds to about 1,776, these
cone-shaped or dome-shaped hills are actually made of grass-covered
limestone. The domes vary in sizes from 30 to 50 metres (98 to
160 ft) high with the largest being 120 metres (390 ft)
in height. They are scattered throughout the towns of Carmen, Batuan and Sagbayan in Bohol.Bohol’s “main attraction”, these unique mound-shaped hills are
scattered by the thousands on the island’s central plain, concentrated
near the town of Carmen.

During the dry season, the precipitation
is inadequate such that the grass-covered hills dry up and turn
chocolate brown. This transforms the area into seemingly endless rows
of “chocolate kisses“. The branded confection is the inspiration behind the name, Chocolate Hills.

 

Topography

The panoramic view of the Chocolate Hills

The Chocolate Hills and the area around it have relatively flat to rolling topography with elevation ranges from 100 to 500 metres (330 to 1,600 ft) above sea level Higher karstic hills dominate the landscape inland then turning almost uniformly and naturally molded in Carmen.

 

Vegetation

The vegetation of the Chocolate Hills is dominated by hardy grass species such as Imperata cylindrica and Saccharum spontaneum. Several Compositae
and ferns also grow on them. In between the hills, the flat lands are
cultivated to rice and other cash crops. However, the natural
vegetation on the Chocolate Hills is now highly threatened by quarrying activities.

 

Origin

File:Chocolate Hills.jpg

The Chocolate Hills in Carmen, Bohol

There are a number of hypotheses regarding
the formation of the hills. These include simple limestone weathering, sub-oceanic volcanism, the uplift
of the seafloor and a more recent theory which maintains that as an
ancient active volcano self-destructed, it spewed huge blocks of stone
which were then covered with limestone and later thrust forth from the
ocean bed.

File:IMG 0919 Chocolate Hills.jpg

The Chocolate Hill Geographic Monument 

Geologists
have long debated about the formation of the hills, resulting in
various ways the origin of the Chocolate Hills are stated or explained.
The one written on the bronze plaque at the viewing deck in Carmen,
Bohol states that they are eroded formations of a type of marine
limestone that sits on top of hardened clay.   The plaque reads:

The unique land form known as the Chocolate Hills of Bohol was
formed ages ago by the uplift of coral deposits and the action of rain
water and erosion.

Another statement says:

The grassy hills were once coral reefs that erupted from the sea in a massive geologic shift. Wind and water put on the finishing touches over hundreds of thousands of years.

Still another way the origin is stated is that they were formed centuries ago by tidal movement and by the uplift of coral deposits and the action of rain water and erosion.nother theory is that they were ancient coral limestone reefs shaped
by many thousands of years erosion by both water and wind.
Geologists think that the specific shape of the hills is caused by the
influence of the weather over millions of years. The break down of the
upper layers of the limestone formations, followed by the erosion
processes, resulted in these cone-shaped remnants. is likely that they were once limestone deposits beneath the sea,
uplifted by the movement of plates and then smoothed by wind and
rainwater erosion

The Chocolate Hills are conical karst hills similar to those seen in the limestone regions of Slovenia and Croatia, except that the Chocolate Hills have no caves.According to the karst theory, “sea level changes and uplift combined
with terrestrial erosion and air exposure of biogenic reef regions have
given rise to hummocky landscapes that are often impregnated with
sinkholes and caves.” The Chocolate Hills are considered among the
striking examples of this karst topography. The Bungle Bungles in the Purnululu National Park in Western Australia feature similar sedimentary formations.

 

Legend

Four legends
explain the formation of the Chocolate Hills. The first tells the story
of two feuding giants who hurled rocks, boulders and sand at each
other. The fighting lasted for days, and exhausted the two giants. In
their exhaustion, they forgot about their feud and became friends, but
when they left they forgot to clean up the mess they had made during
their battle, hence the Chocolate Hills.

A more romantic legend tells of a giant named Arogo who was
extremely powerful and youthful. Arogo fell in love with Aloya, who was
a simple mortal. Aloya’s death caused Arogo much pain and misery, and
in his sorrow he could not stop crying. When his tears dried, the
Chocolate Hills were formed

The third legend tells of a town being plagued by a giant carabao,
who ate all of their crops. Finally having had enough, the townsfolk
took all of their spoiled food and placed it in such a way that the
carabao would not miss it. Sure enough, the carabao ate it, but his
stomach couldn’t handle the spoiled food, so he defecated, leaving
behind him a mound of feces, until he had emptied his stomach of the
food. The feces then dried, forming the Chocolate Hills.

The last legend is about a Gluttonous giant named Dano that eats
everything in his path. One day he came to a plain. He saw a beautiful
young woman named Eng. To win her affection, he needed to lose weight.
So he excreted everything he ate. In the end, his fecal matter covered
the land and he won eng’s affection.

File:Sagbayanpeak2.jpg

Sagbayan Peak

File:Sagbayanpeak.jpg

View of Chocolate Hills from Sagbayan Peak

File:ChocoHillsSunsetCarmen1.jpg

                  Chocolate Hills sunset in Carmen Bohol

File:Fog Covers Chocolate Hills.png

                   Choclate HillS coverd with fogs

A visit to the Chocolate Hills Natural Monument in Bohol, Philippines is like a visit to a land where Hershey Chocolate Kisses
are created for giants, except for the fact that at this natural mossy
wonder of the world you will need to bring your own chocolate if you
are looking for a tangible treat. However, for those looking for an
experience of a lifetime the natural beauty of Chocolate Hills will not
disappoint with its approximate 1500 mounds that are covered in grassy
limestone.

Quick Facts

• Over 1,270 similarly cone-shaped hills creating a sea of hills over 20 square miles (50 sq km)
• Located in Bohol, Philippines
• Heights typically range from 98 to 160 feet (30 to 50 m) with the highest reaching 390 feet (120 m)

Philippines Hershey Bohol Chocolate Hills

Hershey Chocolate Kisses

National Geological Monument

The Chocolate Hills was declared Philippines’s 3rd National Geological Monument (together with Taal Volcano, and Hundred Islands National Park) and recently included in the nomination for the New 7 Wonders of Nature, and also proposed for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List
The name Chocolate Hills actually was spawned by the famous Hershey
treat given the fact that during the dry season the grass on the cone
mounds browns and resembles rows of chocolate ripe for the picking.
This coincidentally is also one of the best times of the year to visit
the Chocolate Hills if you want to stay dry during your visit since
there is a constant influx of precipitation during the rainy season.

Ref: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia